Use this site to help your students:
Many cognitive skills have already been covered in other areas. Others are covered here including some requested by parents and by kindergarten teachers.
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©1998, 2005, 2015 Susan Jindrich. All rights reserved. Revised 8/19/2015
- Color identification - there are 3 steps to learning colors. They are:
- Color matching.
- Using 2 sets of crayons, hold one color up and ask the child to find the other one that is blue (red, green, etc.)
- Using a group of colored shapes or color bears, have the child sort them into piles by color
- Show the child a red (yellow, etc.) shape and ask him/her to find other things in the room that are that color
- Let the children find matching colors on their own and other children's clothes
- ONLINE ACTIVITIES: Practice matching colors with A Rainbow of Frogs and So Many Different Colors.
- Color identifying (being able to find a color when you name it).
- Use color names often during your daily routines
- Sing songs using color names
- Play games requiring different activities according to the color the child holds
such as color bingo or color card games like "Go Fish"
- Using one set of crayons, ask the child to show you the green color
- Play "I Spy"
- Color naming (being able to see a color and name it with no clues).
- Continue the above games, songs, and activities.
- When the child is mastering the skill, reinforce it by letting the child be the facilitator of the games so they can practice the skill
- Knowing concepts.
- Use the concept words often in daily activities
- Play games naming opposites (hot - cold, up - down, empty - full)
- Sing active songs using concepts (fast - slow, in - out)
- Sort shapes, found objects, animal pictures, items in a learning center by size
- Compare objects for length measure using a long string and a short string use long and short paper at the easel and in your writing center
- Compare the same objects for different attributes (fast - slow, wet - dry, etc.)
- Do science experiments such as melting ice to show liquid - solid
- Have the children move (fast - slow, lightly - heavily, forwards - backwards)
- Weigh objects for heavy - light
- Classify objects by use
- Classify objects by where they may be found (land, sea, sky; library, home, school, beach)
- ONLINE ACTIVITY: Explore concepts such as "in", "out", "above" and "below" with our Spatial Concepts pages
- Building memory skills
- Review the events of the day at the end of each session
- Use simple nursery rhymes repeated daily
- Ask what they did before they came to school today
- Ask what they did yesterday
- Show the child 4 objects on a tray; cover the tray and remove 1 object; ask the child what is missing
- Play concentration
- Ask questions about their favorite things to do
- Read predictable books and have children tell them back to you
- Use posted dictation and ask if they remember what they said
- ONLINE ACTIVITY: Remember and match (images from our site) using our hats matching game.
- Ask questions about their favorite things to do
- Read predictable books and have your child tell the story back to you.
- ONLINE ACTIVITY: Our story, But That Wasn't The Best Part will work well for this
- Following Directions
- Begin with games using one-step directions like Simon Says
- Sing active songs and follow the directions like "Put Your Finger in the Air"
- Use bean bags to follow 1 simple direction
- Play games where you ask the children to follow 1 direction (stand up; hop)
- Expand to 2 and then 3 step directions
- Give 2 directions (stand up and jump 2 times)
- Play simple games which require several actions like "Hokey Pokey"
- Set up an obstacle course and give 2 or 3 directions before the child begins
- Play "Monkey See, Monkey Do" which requires several visual movements
- Developing critical thinking skills.
- Ask open-ended questions whenever possible
- Set up activities which involve the child in making decisions and in discovering
- Lead them to discover other ways of performing a task
- Ask their opinions about things and then ask them why they think that way
- Ask them what they know about a subject and then set up activities to enable them to learn more
- Use situation picture cards and ask the child what happened before the event in the picture (ex. a slide with a laughing child at the bottom) and what will happen next
- Completes an assigned task
- ask the child to perform a task (clean up a spill, etc.)
Notice and comment when the child has performed the task
If the task is not performed, try another day and have patience
Catch a child doing tasks on his/her own and thank them
- let children take turns being a leader to build leadership skills
- be sure to thoroughly explain any task given to a child
- Knows their parent(s) name (kindergarten teachers request this because so many parents and children have different last names)
- Let the parent know that you will be working on this skill and why
- When you say "your mother" to a child also say mother's full name
- After a few weeks, ask the child her mother's or father's name
- Play the name game using mother's or father's name
- Clap the syllables of the parent's names as you say them
- Knows their address and phone number
- Play the name game saying the child's name and the street he/she lives on
- During the day mention the child's address several times when you talk to them
- Have house stencils in the art or writing center - after the child uses the stencil write their address on the paper
- Make a book with the child's address on the front and have them dictate a story about their house - read it back occasionally
- Using a nursery rhyme, sing a song about the child's address (ex. "Sing a song of George's house, 290 Cross Street" to the tune of "Sing a Song of Sixpence"
- Clap the syllables of the address while saying it
- After a few days, ask the child their address - if they don't know it keep working on remembering it
- For the phone number, use the activities above
- Have a phone stencil in the art or writing area - after the child uses it, write their phone number on the phone
- Look for the numbers in their phone number in magazines and books
- Let them cut and paste the numbers in their phone number
- Knows the days of the week
- Sing days of the week songs like Greg and Steve's song, "The Days of the Week"
- Read and/or sing "Today is Monday" together
- Do a dictation activity using the days and having the children name their favorite Monday food or Tuesday animal or Wednesday color, etc.
- Do a simple calendar with a paper chain and name and count the days
- Talk about which days we go to school and which days we stay home